The interactive periodic table below offers graphics that represent atomic electron orbital structures. The ones shown are not the only configurations that many of these atoms can achieve. They are the ones that demonstrate the basic or most important electron configurations. Some structures, most notably in the d– and f-block metals, represent a new conjecture that follows the Sub-Quantum Chemistry view of electron and di-electron interactions (see below). (To understand more about what electrons are and how they interact with each other, see Electrons: Their Hierarchy of Forces & Orbitals.)
Click on an element below to view detail (only 1H – 56Ba so far).
(See the KEY below on how to interpret the images & objects. CLICK HERE for a video walk-thru.)
code source: @nemophrost
(Orbital objects built using 3DCalcPlot and can be rotated and zoomed on the interactive links.)
KEY to reading the orbital images & objects:
HYDROGEN (left): A lightly colored wireframe indicates a single electron in an orbital. In this case a sphere-shaped s-orbital.
HELIUM (center): A full-color wireframe indicates a pair of electrons — a di-electron. The (phase) colors are not significant, just for ease of viewing.
CARBON (right): An empty wireframe holds no electrons and shows just the outline of the (second) shell. (The inner full 1s2 shell looks the same as the helium di-electron.)
CARBON (left): Carbon has 4 unpaired 2nd shell electrons arranged in tetrahedral sp3 symmetry. The small outer spheres represent directions for the orbitals, not their shape. Only s-orbitals are actually spherical. A more realistic approach to the orbital shapes is shown on the right above.
Sodium chloride (NaCl) — salt
Definitions of some basic chemistry terms.
For more on spherical and platonic geometry, click here to see an innovative lecture series by Gary Doskas.
Some of the structures in this periodic table, most notably from the d– and f-block metals, represent a new conjecture that follows the Sub-Quantum Chemistry view of electron and di-electron interactions. This theory also introduces Quantum Lewis Dot Structure, an extension of Lewis Dot Structure that allows for the representation of symmetrical quantum electron states.
Sub-Quantum Chemistry is a new theory based upon recent advances in sub-quantum mechanics. It suggests that the quantum interactions between electrons in close proximity must play a central role in determining both atomic and molecular geometry. These quantum interactions include spin sharing, spin exclusion, field cancellation, and orbital hybridizations. They yield symmetrical, phase-locked, resonant, coherent, spherically-harmonic, stationary electron waves that represent the lowest energy state of the system.
This theory seeks to account for the magnetic properties of the transition metals and rare earth metals, specifically the trends in magnetic (susceptibility) strength across the d-block and f-block. It seeks to clarify the mechanism leading to paramagnetism versus that leading to ferromagnetism, based upon the electron geometry and quantum interactions occurring within atomic orbitals. In the process, it seems to account for the nature of the dicarbon (C2) molecule’s observed ‘quadruple bond’.